An Overlander’s Guide to Big Bend National Park 

 May 29, 2023

By  Patrick @DarkSkyOverland

Big Bend National ParkBig Bend National Park, located in southwestern Texas, is a haven for outdoor enthusiasts and adventure seekers.

With its rugged landscapes, stunning vistas, and abundant wildlife, it’s no wonder that overlanders flock to this remote and breathtaking destination.

In this guide, I’ll take you through everything you need to know to plan your overlanding trip to Big Bend National Park, ensuring an unforgettable experience.

Big Bend National Park is a Big Park

Big Bend National Park is a vast wilderness encompassing over 800,000 acres of diverse terrain. Nestled along the border of the United States and Mexico, the park offers a unique blend of desert, mountains, and river environments.

Big Bend is renowned for its remote and secluded nature, offering visitors a true sense of escape from the hustle and bustle of everyday life. The park’s vast expanses of desert, towering mountains, and winding canyons create a feeling of untouched wilderness. Overlanders are drawn to Big Bend for its off-road trails, scenic beauty, and opportunities for solitude in nature.

Its remote location, far away from major cities and urban areas, contributes to the park’s sense of isolation and tranquility. As you venture into its rugged terrain, you’ll feel a profound connection with nature, surrounded by a peaceful solitude that allows for reflection, exploration, and an intimate encounter with the wonders of the natural world.

Planning Your Trip to Big Bend

Entrance sign at Big Bend National ParkPlanning your trip to Big Bend National Park is essential to make the most of your experience in this remote and captivating destination. Here are some key steps to help you plan your trip effectively.

First, determine the best time to visit based on your preferences and the park’s weather conditions. The cooler months from November to April are generally more pleasant for outdoor activities, while summers can be scorching hot.

Consider your preferred activities, such as hiking, camping, or wildlife viewing, and choose a time that aligns with your interests and the park’s peak seasons.

Next, decide on the duration of your stay. Big Bend National Park offers a wealth of attractions and activities, so allocating enough time to explore is crucial.

Santa Elena Canyon in Big Bend National ParkConsider the distances between various points of interest within the park and plan accordingly to have ample time for hiking, photography, and immersing yourself in the park’s natural beauty.

Once you have your dates set, make reservations for camping or lodging within the park.

Big Bend offers a range of camping options, from primitive sites to developed campgrounds, as well as a lodge and cabins at Chisos Mountains.

Reservations are highly recommended, especially during peak seasons, to secure your preferred accommodations.

Additionally, familiarize yourself with the park’s regulations, safety guidelines, and Leave No Trace principles. Be prepared with appropriate gear, maps, and navigation tools, as well as sufficient food, water, and supplies for your activities.

Research the park’s trails, attractions, and ranger-led programs to create an itinerary that suits your interests and fitness levels.

Getting to Big Bend National Park

Driving to Big Bend National ParkGetting to Big Bend National Park requires careful planning and consideration due to its remote location. There are a few options for reaching the park, depending on your starting point.

If you’re traveling by air, the nearest major airports are Midland International Air and Space Port (MAF) and El Paso International Airport (ELP). From there, you can rent a car and embark on a scenic road trip to the park.

The drive from Midland takes approximately 3-4 hours, while the journey from El Paso can take around 4-5 hours, offering breathtaking desert landscapes along the way.

If you prefer traveling by road, Big Bend National Park is accessible via several highways. From the north, you can take US-385 or US-67 to reach the park’s entrance. From the south, you can follow TX-118 through the small town of Study Butte and enter the park through its southern entrance.

It’s important to note that the roads leading to the park can be long and desolate, so be sure to have a full tank of gas, plenty of water, and necessary supplies before embarking on your journey.

Additionally, be mindful of the park’s remote location and plan your accommodations and provisions accordingly to ensure a safe and enjoyable trip to Big Bend National Park.

Campgrounds and Accommodations

Cottonwood campground at Big Bend National Park.Camping at Big Bend National Park offers a unique opportunity to fully embrace the park’s rugged beauty and immerse yourself in nature. The park provides a variety of camping options to suit different preferences and needs.

One popular choice is the Chisos Basin campground, nestled in the heart of the Chisos Mountains. This scenic campground offers stunning views, access to numerous trails, and convenient amenities such as restrooms, potable water, and picnic tables. It’s an ideal basecamp for exploring the mountain trails, enjoying starry nights, and experiencing the serene ambiance of the basin.

Another option is the Cottonwood campground, located on the western side of the park. This tranquil campground provides a more secluded camping experience with its serene desert surroundings.

It offers basic amenities such as restrooms, picnic tables, and a limited number of potable water spigots. From Cottonwood, you can explore nearby hiking trails, witness breathtaking sunsets, and enjoy the tranquility of the Chihuahuan Desert.

Rio Grande River at Big Bend National ParkFor those seeking a camping experience closer to the Rio Grande, the Rio Grande Village campground is a fantastic choice. Situated near the park’s eastern entrance, this campground offers scenic views of the river, access to nature trails, and facilities including restrooms, showers, and a small store. It’s an excellent spot to enjoy water activities, birdwatching, and the unique borderland atmosphere.

If you’re looking for a more adventurous camping experience, Big Bend National Park also allows backcountry camping at dispersed campsites. These sites are located throughout the park’s vast wilderness and require a permit, which can be obtained at park visitor centers.

Backcountry camping offers the chance to truly disconnect from civilization and experience the untamed beauty of the park. Just make sure to adhere to Leave No Trace principles, as these sites have limited or no amenities, and always plan and prepare accordingly for your backcountry adventure.

For those who prefer accommodations outside the park, there are various lodging options available in the nearby towns of Terlingua and Marathon. These range from cozy bed and breakfasts to rustic cabins, providing a comfortable retreat after a day of exploration in the park.

Exploring the Park

Balanced Rock at Big Bend National ParkExploring Big Bend National Park offers a wealth of opportunities to immerse yourself in its stunning landscapes and diverse natural wonders. There are several popular overlooks within the park that offer breathtaking views of the surrounding scenery.

One such overlook is the Santa Elena Canyon Overlook, where you can gaze upon the majestic cliffs that tower above the Rio Grande. Another must-visit spot is the Chisos Basin Overlook, providing panoramic vistas of the Chisos Mountains and the vast Chihuahuan Desert.

These overlooks offer a glimpse into the park’s grandeur and serve as perfect locations for photography, reflection, and appreciation of the park’s natural beauty.

When it comes to hiking, Big Bend National Park is a paradise for outdoor enthusiasts. The park boasts a variety of popular trails catering to different skill levels and interests.

The Window Trail overlook at sunset in Big Bend National Park.The Window Trail takes you through a narrow canyon to an expansive vista framing the desert landscape. For a more challenging adventure, the South Rim Loop offers breathtaking views of the Chisos Mountains and surrounding valleys.

If you’re looking for a shorter hike, the Lost Mine Trail rewards you with stunning views of the park and its iconic rock formations.

From easy walks along the Rio Grande to challenging treks up Emory Peak, the highest point in the park, the trails offer a chance to connect with nature and experience the park’s beauty up close.

In addition to its trails and overlooks, Big Bend National Park offers scenic by-ways that showcase the park’s captivating landscapes. The Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive takes you through desert landscapes, past ancient lava flows, and leads to iconic sites such as the Castolon Historic District and the Santa Elena Canyon.

Another scenic route is the River Road, which winds along the Rio Grande, providing opportunities to observe wildlife and enjoy the tranquility of the river. These scenic drives allow you to explore the park at a leisurely pace, soak in the stunning vistas, and discover hidden gems along the way.

Off-Roading and Overlanding

Old Ore Road in Big Bend National ParkOff-roading and overlanding enthusiasts will find Big Bend National Park to be a thrilling destination to embark on their off-road adventures. With its vast and varied terrain, the park offers exciting opportunities to explore its remote corners and experience the thrill of off-roading.

From rugged desert trails to challenging mountain paths, Big Bend provides a playground for off-roaders seeking adrenaline and exploration. Before venturing off-road, it’s crucial to ensure you have a properly equipped vehicle, including appropriate tires, recovery gear, and a thorough understanding of off-road driving techniques.

Additionally, be mindful of the park’s regulations and stick to designated routes to minimize impact on the fragile desert ecosystem.

For those seeking a more immersive overlanding experience, Big Bend National Park provides ample opportunities to camp in the backcountry and truly connect with nature. The park offers dispersed camping at designated sites, where you can set up camp in secluded areas and relish in the solitude of the desert.

Overlanders can navigate through the park’s scenic landscapes, traverse its rugged trails, and spend nights under the starry sky. It’s important to obtain the necessary permits for backcountry camping and practice Leave No Trace principles to ensure the preservation of this pristine environment.

Overlanding in Big Bend offers a unique blend of adventure, self-sufficiency, and appreciation for the vastness and serenity of the park’s wilderness.

Safety Guidelines and Regulations

Hot desert in Big Bend National ParkWhen embarking on an overlanding adventure in Big Bend National Park, it is crucial to prioritize safety and adhere to the park’s guidelines and regulations.

First and foremost, ensure that you have a detailed map of the park, a reliable compass, and a GPS device like a Garmin inReach. These tools will help you navigate the park’s vast and sometimes challenging terrain, enabling you to stay on designated routes and avoid getting lost.

Familiarize yourself with the park’s regulations and restrictions regarding off-road driving and camping to ensure you are in compliance with the rules and help preserve the park’s natural resources.

Additionally, it’s important to be prepared for the harsh desert environment of Big Bend National Park. Carry plenty of water and food supplies to sustain yourself during your overlanding journey.

The park’s remote location means limited access to amenities, so self-sufficiency is essential. Be aware of the signs of dehydration and heat-related illnesses, and take necessary precautions to stay hydrated and protected from the sun.

Before setting out, inform someone of your travel plans and expected return time. This way, in the event of an emergency, help can be alerted if needed.

By following these safety guidelines and regulations, overlanders can enjoy a safe and memorable adventure in the beautiful wilderness of Big Bend National Park.

Nearby Attractions

Terlingua, TexasWhile Big Bend National Park offers a wealth of natural wonders to explore, there are also several nearby attractions that are worth a visit during your trip. One such attraction is the charming town of Terlingua, located just outside the park’s western entrance.

Terlingua boasts a rich history and a vibrant atmosphere. Stroll through its streets lined with adobe ruins and immerse yourself in the Old West ambiance. You can also enjoy a meal at one of the local restaurants, browse through unique shops, or even soak in the healing mineral waters of the nearby Terlingua Ghost Town.

Another nearby attraction is the iconic Rio Grande River, which forms a natural boundary between the United States and Mexico. Take the opportunity to experience the river firsthand by embarking on a river rafting or canoeing adventure. Explore the peaceful canyons, witness breathtaking scenery, and learn about the rich cultural heritage of the region.

Additionally, you can visit the Boquillas del Carmen, a small Mexican village across the river from the park. Cross the river on a rowboat and immerse yourself in the local culture, savor authentic Mexican cuisine, and engage in traditional crafts and music. It’s a unique opportunity to explore the cross-border dynamics and gain a deeper understanding of the region’s history and interconnectedness.

By venturing beyond the borders of Big Bend National Park, you can discover a range of attractions that complement your visit and provide a broader perspective of the surrounding area’s culture, history, and natural beauty. Whether it’s exploring the charming town of Terlingua or immersing yourself in the cross-border experience along the Rio Grande, these nearby attractions add depth and variety to your Big Bend adventure.

Photography Tips

Cactus Wren in Big Bend National ParkBig Bend National Park presents endless opportunities for photography enthusiasts. To capture the park’s mesmerizing landscapes and unique wildlife, here are some photography tips to enhance your overlanding experience.

Start by scouting the best spots for photography within the park. The Chisos Basin, with its dramatic mountain backdrop, and the expansive desert vistas of the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive offer stunning panoramic views.

When photographing the park’s wildlife, exercise patience and respect their natural behavior. Use a telephoto lens to capture detailed shots from a safe distance without disturbing the animals.

The park is home to a diverse range of species, including desert bighorn sheep, black bears, and a variety of bird species, providing ample opportunities for wildlife photography.

Stargazing at Big Bend National Park

Dark Sky Park at Big Bend National ParkStargazing in Big Bend National Park is an awe-inspiring experience that immerses you in the wonder of the universe. The park is renowned for its exceptionally dark skies, making it a prime destination for astronomers and stargazing enthusiasts.

In fact, Big Bend is recognized as a Dark Sky Park by the International Dark Sky Association, highlighting its commitment to preserving and promoting the pristine night sky.

With minimal light pollution and vast expanses of open sky, Big Bend offers unparalleled stargazing opportunities that showcase the brilliance of countless stars, constellations, and celestial phenomena.

As you gaze upward in Big Bend, you’ll be treated to a celestial spectacle unlike anything you’ve seen before. The park’s remote location and its position within the Chihuahuan Desert provide ideal conditions for observing the night sky in all its glory.

The sheer darkness allows for the visibility of fainter celestial objects, including distant galaxies, nebulae, and even the elusive Milky Way arching across the heavens. It’s a humbling and awe-inspiring experience to witness the vastness of the universe unfold above you.

Whether you’re a seasoned astronomer with a telescope or simply an admirer of the night sky, stargazing in Big Bend National Park is an unforgettable journey into the depths of the cosmos.

Leave No Trace Principles

Big Bend National ParkAs responsible overlanders, it’s essential to adhere to the principles of Leave No Trace to preserve the natural beauty and ecological integrity of Big Bend National Park.

Minimize your impact by practicing proper waste disposal, leaving natural and cultural artifacts untouched, and avoiding unnecessary noise. Respect wildlife by observing them from a distance and refraining from feeding or approaching them.

Leave No Trace also encompasses responsible campfire practices. Use established fire rings and only burn dead and downed wood. Before leaving your campsite, ensure that the fire is completely extinguished and the area is clean and free of debris.

By following these principles, we can protect the delicate ecosystem and ensure that future generations can enjoy the wonders of Big Bend.

Dining and Supplies

While exploring Big Bend National Park, you’ll need to plan your meals and ensure you have an adequate supply of provisions. The park has limited dining options, with the Chisos Mountain Lodge and a few snack bars offering meals and refreshments. However, it’s advisable to bring your own food and water to sustain you during your adventures.

If you need to replenish supplies, nearby towns such as Terlingua and Marathon offer grocery stores where you can stock up on essentials. Remember to pack non-perishable items, as the desert climate can make food spoil quickly. Stay hydrated by carrying an ample supply of water and consider bringing water purification methods for emergencies.

Cultural and Historical Significance

La Harmonia Store in Big Bend National ParkBig Bend National Park holds significant cultural and historical value, providing a window into the rich heritage of the region. The park is home to evidence of human presence dating back thousands of years, with Native American tribes, such as the Comanche, Apache, and Jumano, leaving their mark on the land.

Exploring the park’s archaeological sites and rock art panels allows visitors to connect with the ancient cultures that once thrived in the area. These cultural remnants serve as a testament to the deep-rooted history and the enduring relationship between humans and the natural environment.

Furthermore, Big Bend National Park played a pivotal role in the development of the American West. The park encompasses remnants of former settlements, mining operations, and ranching communities that shaped the region’s history.

The ghost town of Castolon, once a hub of trading along the Rio Grande, offers a glimpse into the past, with its historic structures and artifacts. Visitors can also explore the ruins of old ranches that speak to the challenges and resilience of early settlers in the rugged desert landscape.

By delving into the cultural and historical significance of Big Bend National Park, visitors gain a deeper appreciation for the intricate tapestry of human history woven into the fabric of this remarkable natural sanctuary.

Recommended Itinerary

To make the most of your overlanding adventure in Big Bend National Park, here’s a sample itinerary to guide your trip. Keep in mind that this is just a suggestion, and you can customize it based on your interests and available time:

Day 1:

  • Morning: Start your journey by entering Big Bend National Park through the main entrance. Upon arrival, visit the Fossil Discovery Exhibit then continue on to the Panther Junction Visitor Center to gather information and obtain maps for your adventure.
  • Mid-Morning: Begin your exploration by driving along the Ross Maxwell Scenic Drive. Marvel at the towering cliffs of Santa Elena Canyon and take a short hike to the overlook for breathtaking views. Continue the drive and make a stop at the historic Castolon area to learn about its rich cultural heritage.
  • Afternoon: Head to the Chisos Basin and check-in at the Chisos Basin Campground. Set up your campsite and enjoy a picnic lunch amidst the stunning mountain vistas. In the afternoon, embark on the Window Trail, a moderate hike that leads to a breathtaking viewpoint showcasing the vast desert landscape.

Day 2:

  • Morning: Wake up early to catch the sunrise from the Chisos Basin Overlook. Witness the dramatic play of light and shadow over the mountains and desert below. Afterward, have a hearty breakfast at your campsite.
  • Mid-Morning: Spend the morning exploring the Chisos Mountains. Choose from a variety of hiking trails, such as the South Rim Loop or the Lost Mine Trail, to immerse yourself in the rugged beauty of the area. Take your time to soak in the panoramic views and encounter the unique flora and fauna of the park.
  • Afternoon: Return to the campsite for a relaxing lunch and some downtime. In the afternoon, venture to the Rio Grande Village area. Visit the Rio Grande Village Nature Trail and learn about the diverse ecosystems supported by the river. Take a dip in the Rio Grande or rent a kayak for a leisurely paddle along its peaceful waters.

Day 3:

  • Morning: Embark on an early morning bird-watching excursion near the Rio Grande Village. Big Bend National Park is home to a wide variety of bird species, making it a haven for bird enthusiasts. Keep an eye out for colorful or rare species as you explore the park’s diverse habitats.
  • Mid-Morning: Drive to the western part of the park and explore the Santa Elena Canyon. Take the short hike into the canyon, allowing the towering walls to envelop you in their grandeur. Capture memorable photos and appreciate the sheer beauty of this natural wonder.
  • Afternoon: Head to the Terlingua area, just outside the park, for a taste of local culture and cuisine. Enjoy a leisurely lunch at one of the eclectic restaurants in town and explore the unique shops and art galleries. Consider taking a guided river rafting trip along the Rio Grande for a different perspective of the park’s stunning landscapes.

Day 4:

  • Morning: Begin the day with a visit to the Big Bend Hot Springs. Located along the Rio Grande, these natural hot springs offer a relaxing and rejuvenating experience. Take a dip in the warm mineral-rich waters while surrounded by the serene beauty of the river and mountains.
  • Mid-Morning: Drive along the River Road, a scenic byway that runs parallel to the Rio Grande. Enjoy the picturesque views and keep an eye out for wildlife sightings. Consider stopping at one of the designated picnic areas along the route for a scenic lunch.
  • Afternoon: On your way back to the main entrance of the park, make a final stop at the Mule Ears Overlook. Admire the unique rock formations resembling the ears of a mule and savor the last panoramic views of Big Bend National Park. Reflect on the incredible experiences and memories you’ve made during your 4-day journey.

Remember to check the park’s website for any updates on trail conditions, closures, and safety guidelines. Enjoy your trip to Big Bend National Park and immerse yourself in the remarkable beauty of this desert wilderness.

Tips for a Memorable Experience

To ensure a memorable overlanding experience in Big Bend National Park, here are some additional tips:

  • Wake up early to catch the golden hours of sunrise and the enchanting beauty of the park.
  • Don’t forget your binoculars and a field guide to enhance your wildlife spotting opportunities.
  • Pack layers of clothing to accommodate the park’s fluctuating temperatures throughout the day.
  • Bring a star chart or stargazing app to fully appreciate the breathtaking night sky.
  • Engage with fellow visitors and park rangers to gain insights and recommendations for hidden gems within the park.

By following these tips, you’ll be able to create lasting memories and truly immerse yourself in the wonders of Big Bend National Park.


Big Bend National Park is a haven for overlanders seeking adventure, natural beauty, and solitude. With its diverse landscapes, captivating trails, and abundant wildlife, it offers a truly unforgettable experience. From planning your trip and exploring the park’s attractions to practicing responsible overlanding and appreciating the cultural significance, Big Bend has something for everyone.

So, pack your gear, fuel your spirit of adventure, and embark on a journey to Big Bend National Park. Immerse yourself in the rugged wilderness, gaze at the star-studded sky, and create memories that will last a lifetime.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Is Big Bend National Park suitable for beginners in overlanding?

Big Bend National Park offers a range of trails suitable for all skill levels, including beginners. However, it’s important to be prepared, follow safety guidelines, and have a reliable vehicle equipped for off-roading.

2. Are there guided tours available in Big Bend National Park?

Yes, the park offers guided tours led by knowledgeable rangers, providing valuable insights into the park’s natural and cultural history. These tours can enhance your overlanding experience.

3. Can I bring my pet to Big Bend National Park?

Yes, pets are allowed in certain areas of the park but must be kept on a leash at all times. It’s important to note that pets are not permitted on trails or in backcountry areas to protect the park’s wildlife and maintain a peaceful environment for all visitors. However, there are designated pet-friendly areas where you can enjoy outdoor activities with your furry companion.

4. What is the best time of year to visit Big Bend National Park?

The best time to visit Big Bend National Park is during the cooler months, from November to April, when temperatures are milder and more comfortable for outdoor activities. Summers can be extremely hot, with temperatures soaring above 100°F (38°C), making it challenging for outdoor exploration.

5. Are there any safety concerns regarding wildlife in the park?

While encounters with wildlife in Big Bend National Park are generally rare, it’s important to exercise caution and respect the animals’ natural habitats. Keep a safe distance, never feed or approach wildlife, and store food securely to avoid attracting animals to your campsite. Following these guidelines ensures both your safety and the well-being of the park’s diverse wildlife.

6. Are campfires allowed inside the park?

No, all wood and ground fires are prohibited within Big Bend National Park. Charcoal grills and gas grills are okay to use; however, charcoal grills are not allowed on tables.

7. Are there any restrictions on drone usage within the park?

Drone usage is prohibited within the boundaries of Big Bend National Park. This regulation is in place to preserve the tranquility of the park, protect wildlife, and ensure the safety of visitors. It’s important to respect this rule and refrain from flying drones during your visit.

8. Can I swim in the Rio Grande River?

Swimming in the Rio Grande River is permitted; however, it’s important to be cautious due to the unpredictable currents and potential hazards. Always assess the conditions and choose safe swimming areas. If you plan to swim, ensure you have the necessary skills and exercise water safety precautions.

By following these guidelines and recommendations, you’ll be well-prepared for your overlanding adventure in Big Bend National Park. Embrace the awe-inspiring landscapes, cherish the moments of solitude, and create lifelong memories in this remarkable corner of nature.

Have you visited Big Bend National Park? If so, what did I miss in this overlander’s guide?

Share your thoughts in the comment section below. Thanks for your input! It is greatly appreciated!

Patrick @DarkSkyOverland

Dark Sky Overland is an overland lifestyle brand that was created to support the various trips I take to National Parks and other designated Dark Sky Parks within the United States. It was also born out of a strong desire to simplify life after my wife of over 24 years passed away from a three year battle with inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). You can learn more about my story at https://darkskyoverland.com/about/.

Patrick @DarkSkyOverland

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